Which of Scotland’s eight counties is the most populous?
The population of Scotland has risen by more than half to 1.3 million, or about 10.6 per cent of the country’s total population, according to the latest census figures.
Scotland has the third highest number of inhabitants in the UK after London and Manchester.
The SNP government has trumpeted the figures as a sign of economic success.
In a speech to the SNP conference in Glasgow on Wednesday, Mr Barnett promised the number of people living in Scotland would be at its highest since 1990, with more than 830,000 people now living in the capital alone.
But there are concerns the figures are too optimistic, with a report in The Times newspaper saying the population could have increased by around 50 per cent since 2000.
“There is a huge potential for growth, but it is going to be very difficult to keep pace with the growth,” said Ian Stewart, the chief executive of the Scottish government’s population and economy department.
It is not clear how many people actually left Scotland over the last 10 years.
A previous census of Scotland in 2009 showed the population had increased by nearly 20 per cent to more than 9.2 million.
However, a new study of census data by the University of Edinburgh has suggested Scotland’s population is on the rise.
Its latest estimates showed the total population was 7,065,827 in 2019, a rise of almost 100,000.
According to the most recent estimates, it is expected to reach 7.1 million in 2020, a 40 per cent increase on the previous year.
Professor Stewart said: “This increase is really encouraging.
I think Scotland is now one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.”
He added: “The population will rise, but I think it will be really slow to catch up to the world as a whole.”
However there are some concerns the Scottish population is rising too fast.
Mr Stewart said it was not possible to say how many Scots were living overseas and the increase in the population was not reflected in figures for the UK as a share of the population.
He said: “It is clear Scotland’s share of population growth is very low and it is not comparable to other countries that have seen similar increases.
Scotland has grown much faster than the UK, but the UK has been growing much faster.
This is partly because Scotland is a very large and highly developed country.
There is an increasing sense of nationalism and that can make things difficult.”
The Scottish government said the latest data showed Scotland was on track to become the second largest country in the EU by 2020.
And it said there was a clear trend towards a smaller population.