How the population of the state’s largest city is changing
How many people in Perth and Adelaide are now living in metropolitan areas, as the population grows?
The answer is that there are more than 1.2 million people in metropolitan Perth and 1.4 million people, or about one in four, living in Adelaide, according to a new report from the Commonwealth Bank.
While the growth in metropolitan populations has been slow in recent years, the numbers of people living in the capital are rapidly increasing.
The report found that the population growth in Perth increased by 8 per cent to 7.2 per cent between the end of 2015 and the end the year.
While Melbourne and Sydney are two of the top two cities in the country for population growth, the figures suggest the trend in Perth is picking up pace.
It is projected to reach 10.1 million people by 2060, and Perth is set to reach 13.1 per cent of the Australian population by 2059, the report found.
The findings are based on the Census of Population and Housing data, which provides a snapshot of the metropolitan population as of November 20, 2020.
The number of metropolitan residents in Perth, and the population change in those cities, are not directly comparable to those in cities such as Melbourne and Melbourne’s suburbs.
But the Commonwealth report indicates the growth of Perth has been accelerating.
In Perth’s metropolitan population of 7.3 million in 2020, the city grew by nearly 12 per cent.
In Melbourne’s metropolitan area, the population grew by just under 7 per cent, but the growth was far slower, at just 3 per cent a year.
“Perth is an interesting city because it’s a metropolitan area that is getting bigger, so there are a lot of people there,” said Dr Chris Dennison, senior population analyst at the Australian Centre for Population and Health.
“It’s a bit like the growth rate of an urban area, because it has so many more people.”
The Australian Bureau of Statistics says that while Perth’s population has grown, the growth has slowed since the end 2016.
Dr Dennion says that is because the growth rates of the city are much higher than the growths of suburbs.
“The growth rates are actually higher in suburbs and rural areas,” he said.
“If you look at suburban areas and rural communities in Western Australia, the rate of growth has actually slowed.”
It is not just suburbs that have experienced a decline in population in Perth.
The city’s population of 1.9 million in 2016 fell to 1.3 per cent by the end.
While that may not seem like a lot in a city of more than 700,000, the number of people is projected drop by almost 20 per cent in 2020.
Dr Dan Brown, an expert on population growth at the University of Melbourne, says the growth is particularly troubling because of the rapid population growth seen in cities like Sydney and Melbourne.
“In those metropolitan areas where you have a much higher density of population, you have the population increase,” he explained.
“You see the population increases in the inner city, where there’s a lot more people.”
That’s where the population decline in Perth will be most dramatic.
“Dr Brown said Perth’s growth has been more than offset by the city’s growth in other areas.”
We’re seeing more people moving from Perth into other parts of the country, so that’s not helping,” he told ABC Perth.”
There are suburbs in Perth that are not really growing, which is probably the most significant change.
“Dr Denny Rennison is a senior fellow at the Centre for Urban Economics and a senior researcher at the Commonwealth Institute.
He said the rise in population growth has impacted on the housing market in Perth too.”
What we see is that we’ve got more and more people that are moving into the inner suburbs of Perth and then those people are moving out of those suburbs,” he says.”
I think there are many people who have a hard time finding places to live in Perth because of all the new construction.
“But it is also the case that people are also moving into other areas of Perth because it doesn’t have the same density as other parts.”
Dr Renn, who has also been studying the population trends in Perth for the Commonwealth, said the population shift could mean the city was losing population.
“When you have these high densities, you get these people living closer together,” he added.
“For example, in a town such as Adelaide, where you don’t have much population density, you will have a more stable population and you can maintain that population as a result.”
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